إِنَّ إِلَهَكُمْ لَوَاحِدٌ Truly, your god is truly One!" [Qur'an 37:4]

Time in Surat -majlisofulema

Kathor Map — Satellite Images of Kathor

original name: Kāthor

geographical location: Surat, Gujarat, India, Asia

geographical coordinates: 21° 18' 0" North, 72° 56' 0" East http://www.maplandia.com/india/gujarat/surat/kathor/ http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/9/Kathor.html http://www.kathor.india.tm/

 http://sites.google.com/site/juned4uorg/    {Currant affairs ))
Time in Surat -

Kathor Medical Trust

http://kathormedicaltrust.org/ourtrust.html                     http://kathormedicaltrust.org/

sunni vohra  http://www.dadhal-inam.com/html/surti_sunni_vohra.html   Surti_Muslims in Gujarat, INDIAhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surti_Muslims [PDF] 

Gujarati-Muslims in India and South Africa

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though there are approximately a total of 135 Surati Vohra villages in the ... Muslimmovements in South Africa act under the conditions of globalisation? ...
www.uni-muenster.de/imperia/md/.../outline_gujarati_muslims.pdf - Similar - 
 http://www.uni-muenster.de/imperia/md/content/ethnologie/projekte/relpol/outline_gujarati_muslims.pdf Surti Sunni Vohrahttp://www.dadhal-inam.com/html/surti_sunni_vohra.htmlTransnational religious practices of Muslims in Gujarat and South ...http://www.history.ukzn.ac.za/node/1044

 SuratSurat (Gujarati: સુરત) formerly known as Suryapur or Khubsoorat, is the eighth largest city in India. The city proper is the seventh most populous city in India and 49th in the world. Surat is the administrative capital of Surat district. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SuratGujaratThe port of Surat become the prominent and main port of India during Mughal rule. Gujaratremained a province of the Mughal empire until the Marathas sacked ..http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujarat 

Surat, Gujarat India


Gujarati news paper in India


http://epaper.gujarat-samachar.comhttp://www.indianexpress.com/http://www.khazano.com/gujarat-samachar/default.htmlhttp://www.thokalath.com/news/http://www.akilaindia.com/daily/index.htmOnline Hindi,Urdu and Gujarati poets (on websits)Online Hindi,Urdu and Gujarati poets (on websits)

Mushaira E Mehfilhttp://mushaira.org/

Rangoon (Yangon), Burma

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Burmahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangon http://www.bmnetwork.org/bmc/http://www.albalagh.net/current_affairs/0090.shtml

Map of Myanmar (Burma)


Muslims in Mauritius,Africa.  http://www.islamfortoday.com/mauritius.htmhttp://islaminmauritius.org/History_Islam.asp

Map of Mauritius in Africa







South Africa



Islam in South Africa




Gujarati-Muslims in India and South Africa 






Mr. Paruk, a sugar mill owner, became President of the Natal Indian Congress in 1940 when a group led by A. I. Kajee revived the NIC, refusing to recognise the amalgamation of the NIC and the Colonial Born and Indian Settlers Association in 1939 to form the Natal Indian Association.



Muslim near Durban, South Africa

History of Muslims in South Africa: A Chronology


Some Note from above website>1869 Arrival of Muslims from Gujarat and Kathiawar 40Since 1869, Muslims from the Indian States of Gujarat and Kathiawar arrived in South Africa and were referred to as "Passenger" Indians by the authority. These immigrants paid their own travel expenses, and came with the specific purpose of trading and commerce. They served as wholesalers and retailers in urban towns, backward rural towns, coal mining areas and also in several developed White centres in Natal and the Transvaal. They called themselves "Arabs", probably because they wished to be identified as Muslims. These "Arab" traders from Western India possessed sufficient resources to establish themselves as traders in staple items imported from India, such as rice, ghee, dholl, tamarinds, dried fish, etc. Within two decades, they captured a large share of the local trade in the rural areas of Natal and the Transvaal. This displeased the White traders and so in the 1890s legislation was passed placing further restrictions and growth on the Indian traders as a whole.1874 Arrival of Ismail Kajee and other businessmen from Gujarat 44Another batch of Gujarati-speaking Muslims arrived in Natal. Amongst them were Ismail Kajee, father of the notable A I Kajee [d 1948, aged 52], who arrived from Mauritius where he was in business, and Cassim Paruk of the present Nu-Shop group of retail business outlets.After 1875 more experienced "Arab" traders began to dominate the retail trade and even entered the wholesale business. The statistics show that there were in Durban in:* 1870 two free Indian stores* 1875 ten free Indian and one "Arab" stores* 1880 thirty free Indian and seven "Arab" stores·         1885 there were as much as 40 "Arab" stores in and around Durban.·           

1884 Arrival of Esmail Mahomed Paruk

Another prominent Muslim, Esmail Mahomed Paruk, born in 1867 in Kathore, India, arrived from Mauritius and settled in Durban and soon established his first retail business in West Street. Thereafter, he went into wholesale trade; his firm becoming one of the biggest concerns in Natalamongst the Indians. As a financial giant, he extended his activities into milling and tea estates on the north coast of Natal.The magnanimous E M Paruk had an imposing house at 383 Currie Road, Durban, where India's first Agent-General, Srinivasan Sastri , lived at a time when White-owned hotels were open only to members of the White community. E M Paruk became a Trustee of the West Street Masjid in 1899 and served as Chairman of the Trust Board until his death in 1942.1885- Construction of West Street Masjid:second in 1920 Durban 521895- Shah Ghulam Muhammad Habibi or 1910 Soofie Saheb [Rahimahu Allah] 59The Juma Masjid Sunnat Jamat Anjuman Islam,popularly known as West Street Masjid, was built in 1885, four years after the construction of the Grey Street Masjid. 1890 Formation of the Indian Committee Durban 551893 Arrival of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi57A litigation, involving £40 000.0.0d [forty thousand punds sterling], between the firms of Dada Abdulla and Company, merchants and shipping agents in Durban, and Tayob Hajee Khan Mahomed and Company of Pretoria, saw the arrival of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [d 1948] in Durban. Gandhi, who came from Gujrat and speaking Gujarati as well as Kutchi, "had been hired by the Porbundar branch of Dada Abdulla's firm to assist their team of lawyers as an interpreter and adviser.1894 Founding of the Natal Indian Congress 58

South Africa around 1900 ADThere were a few hundred people in the village. The oldest of them remembered the days when the coastlines of Natal were covered with natural bush being cleared by colonial settlers for the planting of cane which became the crop on which the colony's later prosperity depended. Some of them had arrived from India under the recruitment of contract labour instituted by the British Government in agreement with the Government of India. These were the indentured labourers. They were housed, fed and paid ten shillings a month to till the earth, tend, and raise the crops, and provide some of the domestic service which the barbarous Zulu was then not able to perform.


 Islam in the United Kingdom

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إِنَّ إِلَهَكُمْ لَوَاحِدٌ Truly, your god is truly One!" [Qur'an 37:4]

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ALL PRAISE is due to God,

Say: He is Allah, the One! (1)

 Allah, the eternally Besoughtof all! (2)

 He  begetteth  not nor was begotten.

And put thy trust in Allah, and enough is Allah as a disposer of affairs.

We need: Quran Way of Life>

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2.7 million cities covered world widehttp://www.islamicity.com/prayerTimes/http://www.islamicfinder.org/http://www.oriold.uzh.ch/static/hegira.htmlhttp://www.islamicfinder.org/Hcal/index.php
Time & Datehttp://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/?year=2009&country=35 Make a customized calendar http://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/custommenu.html

Islamic Calendar for 2009 (1430 H.)


Gujarati Newspapers http://www.indiapress.org/index.php/Gujarati/400x60 

Hindi Newspapers


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CANADA  Newspapers


USA Newspapers


British Media Online


Urdu Newspapers

 Middle East Onlinehttp://english.aljazeera.net/ http://www.arabnews.com/ http://al-shorfa.com/en/news/ http://www.albawaba.com/ http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/ http://www.iran-daily.com/1388/3498/html/ European Newspapers http://www.world-newspapers.com/europe.html 

Asia Newspapers


Islamic Image

قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (١) ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ (٢) لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ (٣) وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ (٤)   
·                     Truly, your god is truly One!" [Qur'an 37:4]·                     La ilaha illallah ( LAA ILAHA ILLALLAH) Muhammadun Rasul Allah(saw) بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِThis expression is the most important one in Islam. It is the creed that every person has to say to be considered a Muslim. It is part of the first pillar of Islam. The meaning of which is: " There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah."The second part of this first pillar is to say: "Muhammadun Rasul Allah," which means:"Muhammad is the messenger   of ALLAH( Massengerof  One true Almighty GOD)




إِنَّ إِلَهَكُمْ لَوَاحِدٌ Truly, your god is truly One!" [Qur'an 37:4]
And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad )but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaha illah [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else)." [quran 21:25] That is because Allah is the (only) Reality, and because whatever else they invoke besides Him is Falsehood; and because Allah,- He is the Most High, Most Great. [quran 31:30] 

Say, “He is God, the One. God, to Whom the creatures turn for their needs. He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none like Him.” (Quran, 112:1-4) 

The Arabic word Allah means God (the one and only true God who created the whole universe). This word Allah is a name for God, which is used by Arabic speakers, both Arab Muslims and Arab Christians.

قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (١) ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ (٢) لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ (٣) وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ (٤)   ·                     Truly
, your god is truly         La ilaha illallah         

 Muhammadun Rasul Allah(saw) بِسۡمِ

 ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِThis expression is the most important one in Islam. It is the creed that every person has to say to be considered a Muslim. It is part of the first pillar of Islam. The meaning of which is: " There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah."The second part of this first pillar is to say: "Muhammadun Rasul Allah," which means:"Muhammad is the messenger  of  One true Almighty GOD 

astagfrallah7.gif gif islamic image by dere78
Masjid Locatorbeautiful-desi-glitters-16

إِنَّ إِلَهَكُمْ لَوَاحِدٌ Truly, your god is truly One!" [Qur'an 37:4]‎ > ‎
Science links
Ibn Khaldun and the Rise and Fall of Empires
Caroline Stone
The 14th-century historiographer and historian Abu Zayd 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun was a brilliant scholar and thinker now viewed as a founder of modern historiography, sociology and economics. Living in one of human kind's most turbulent centuries, he observed at first hand, or participated in, such decisive events as the birth of new states, the disintegration of the Muslim Andalus and the advance of the Christian reconquest, the Hundred Years' War, the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, the decline of Byzantium and the epidemic of the Black Death. Considered by modern critics as the thinker that conceived and created a philosophy of history that was undoubtedly one of the greatests works ever created by a man of intelligence, so groundbreaking were his ideas, and so far ahead of his time, that his writings are taken as a lens through which to view not only his own time but the relations between Europe and the Muslim world in our own time as well.
One Thousand Years of Missing History
Professor Salim T S Al-Hassani
The following essay aims to alert communities as to the particular significance of the Muslim civilisation and its historical role in contributing to the birth of modern civilisation. The author, Professor Salim Al-Hassani, a specialist of Muslim Heritage and a pioneer of its defense, focuses first on various instances of distorted history in scholarship, school curricula and media culture. He shows how unjustified is the suppression of centuries of history from history books and how the jump from Hellenistic times to Renaissance is rather the manifestation of ignorance and misconceptions. Presenting selected examples, he then proves that this suppressed period, belonging to the classical period of the history of Islam, and which lasted for about a millennium, knew a creative contribution to civilisation by men and women of different faiths. Those knowledge, science and art creators built on ancient knowledge and were the drive of one of the richest periods of history in terms of science, culture, technology and art.
Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi the Great Surgeon
Dr. Ibrahim Shaikh
Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE), also known in the West as Albucasis, was an Andalusian physician. He is considered as the greatest surgeon in the Islamic medical tradition. His comprehensive medical texts, combining Middle Eastern and Greco-Roman classical teachings, shaped European surgical procedures up until the Renaissance. His greatest contribution to history is Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume collection of medical practice, of which large portions were translated into Latin and in other European languages.
Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
FSTC Research Team
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern Western tradition, especially to the 19th century birth of humanities. The ground breaking contribution of Ibn Khaldun was recognized; however, the author of the Muqaddima stands as an isolated genius. In the following article, an attempt is made to broaden the field by highlighting the contributions of several other scholars in laying the foundation of social sciences in Islamic culture. After a short survey on Al-Biruni and Al-Raghib al-Isfahani, the focus of the article is dedicated to the 10th-century Palestinian geographer Al-Muqaddasi, who touched on various subjects of interest to the social sciences in his book Ahsan al-taqasim fi ma'rifat al-aqalim.
Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
FSTC Research Team
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the oldest known Turkish map showing the New World, and one of the oldest maps of America still in existence. The half of the map which survives shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy in addition to various Atlantic islands including the Azores and Canary Islands. This article presents the achievements of Piri Reis in cartography through the analysis of the surviving partial versions of his two world maps and his book of navigation, the Kitab-i Bahriye.
Dam Construction in the Islamic Civil Engineering
FSTC Research Team
Dams are required in most hydraulic systems, for irrigation, regulating flow of rivers and in modern times for the production of energy. In the classical Islamic world, dam construction received a special attention as an integral part of large civil engineering works. Since the Umayyad Caliphate, dams were built in different Islamic regions. This article is a survey presenting the tradition of dam construction by Muslims, characterized by a rich variety of structures and forms.
Using an Astrolabe
Emily Winterburn
The history of the astrolabe begins more than two thousand years ago, but it is in the Islamic classical world that the astrolabe was highly developed and its uses widely multiplied. Introduced to Europe from Islamic Spain in the early 12th century, it was one of the major astronomical instruments until the modern times. In this concise and beautifully illustrated article, Emily Winterburn casts a short story of the Islamic art of making astrolabes – developing the different varieties, the description of their structure and parts and their uses in social, religious and scientific functions.
Islamic Automation: Al-Jazari's Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices
Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan
In the following essay, Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University, draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century Islamic scholar, engineer and scientist, to develop an alternative history of robotics. The work of Al-Jazari is considered as a significant contribution to the history of robotics and automation insofar as it enables a critical re-evaluation of classical notions and the conventional history of automation and therefore of robotics. In his analysis, the author details the notion of "Islamic automation", where the notions of control that have informed the conventional history of automation and robotics are substituted by subordination and submission to the rhythms of the machines.
Creating a 3D Model with Motion Analysis of Taqi al-Din's Six-Cylinder Pump
Joseph Vera
Among the original machines described in the corpus of Islamic technology, the six-cylinder "monobloc" piston pump designed by Taqi al-Din Ibn Ma'ruf in the late 16th century holds a special place. Working as a suction pump, this complex machine included components that are often associated with modern technology, such as a camshaft, a cylinder block, pistons, and non-return valves. In this article, Joseph Vera, an expert in re-engineering ancient inventions, describes how he created a SolidWorks CAD model of this remarkable pump, that he completed with a motion simulation. The conclusion he drew after creating the model and the simulation is that the engineers of the Islamic tradition, represented by Taqi al-Din, had a very solid grasp of kinematics, dynamics and fluid mechanics. He notes also that Taqi al-Din's "monobloc" pump is a remarkable example of a machine using renewable energy, a topic that is currently of utmost importance.

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